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Modiwl HTA-3106:
Early Medieval Wales WLH

Ffeithiau’r Modiwl

Rhedir gan School of History, Philosophy and Social Sciences

20 Credyd neu 10 Credyd ECTS

Semester 2

Amcanion cyffredinol

Archaeological evidence, used alongside written and other sources is critical to our understanding of the evolution of the early medieval kingdoms of Wales c AD 350-1050, the lives people led and the expansion of Christianity.

  1. This module aims to give students a critical understanding of the archaeological evidence, both structural and artefactual, relevant to the study of early medieval Wales and how it has been interpreted.
  2. To set this alongside other relevant evidence e.g. written sources, place-names, where appropriate.
  3. To provide students with the knowledge and skills to understand its significance and cthe changing debates surrounding its interpretation.
  4. Students will also be expected to consider comparable evidence from elsewhere in Britain and Ireland, where relevant.

Cynnwys cwrs

The period from the collapse of Roman rule to the coming of the Normans was formative in the evolution of Wales, its language and identity. Yet we know less about Wales c. AD300–1050 than any other part of Britain and Ireland. This module will explore the growing body of archaeological evidence for Wales which will then be interrogated alongside the sparse written sources in order to analyse how people lived – their settlements, economy, society and beliefs, and how these changed over time. It will consider geography and climate; the nature of the written sources and other evidence used in addition to the archaeology; the Roman impact and its legacy; the emergence of the early medieval Welsh kingdoms; inscribed stones; settlement and society – e.g. hillforts and other high status sites, unenclosed settlements and farmsteads; exploitation of the landscape, farming, craftworking and the economy; conversion to Christianity and the rise of the Church; burial, monasticism and belief; early Christian art; Offa’s Dyke and relations with Anglo-Saxon England; the Viking impact.

Meini Prawf


(lower Ds) will demonstrate an appropriate range or depth of knowledge of at least parts of the relevant field, and will make at least partly-successful attempts to frame an argument which engages with historical controversies.


(B) Will show a solid level of achievement in all the criteria in the paragraph above


(A) Will show this solid achievement across the criteria combined with particularly impressive depths of knowledge and/or subtlety of analysis.

Canlyniad dysgu

  1. Demonstrate an ability to analyse and evaluate a variety of arguments and opinions concerning the interpretation of the archaeological and other relevant evidence.

  2. Demonstrate an in depth knowledge of the main types of archaeological evidence for early medieval Wales and an awareness of relevant comparitive evidence

  3. Be able to carry out research for, plan and write an essay/report on a relevant subject to the module demonstrating critical understanding of the material analysed.

  4. Be able to present and evaluate relevant archaeological and other information in the form of an oral presentation using Powerpoint.

  5. Be able to present relevant analysis and arguments in the form of examination answers, and back these with appropriate archaeological and other relevant evidence.

  6. Demonstrate a critical understanding of the major developments and changes in archaeological evidence for the period and the significance of these.

Dulliau asesu

Math Enw Disgrifiad Pwysau
LLAFAR Seminar Presentation with Powerpoint

Students will prepare a 10 minute presentation on a given topic with Powerpoint which will include appropriate illustrations. This will be followed by all students in the seminar group discussing the topic in its wider context.

ARHOLIAD Two hour unseen examination

Two hour unseen examination. Answer 2 questions.


2,000 word essay to be chosen from a list of topics


Strategaeth addysgu a dysgu


Lectures provide module framework


Fieldtrip and museum visit to see sites and artefacts at first hand

Private study 164

In depth seminars with presentations and discussions


Sgiliau Trosglwyddadwy

  • Llythrennedd - Medrusrwydd mewn darllen ac ysgrifennu drwy amrywiaeth o gyfryngau
  • Defnyddio cyfrifiaduron - Medrusrwydd wrth ddefnyddio ystod o feddalwedd cyfrifiadurol
  • Hunanreolaeth - Gallu gweithio mewn ffordd effeithlon, prydlon a threfnus. Gallu edrych ar ganlyniadau tasgau a digwyddiadau, a barnu lefelau o ansawdd a phwysigrwydd
  • Archwilio - Gallu ymchwilio ac ystyried dewisiadau eraill
  • Adalw gwybodaeth - Gallu mynd at wahanol ac amrywiol ffynonellau gwybodaeth
  • Sgiliau Rhyngbersonol - Gallu gofyn cwestiynau, gwrando'n astud ar atebion a'u harchwilio
  • Dadansoddi Beirniadol & Datrys Problem - Gallu dadelfennu a dadansoddi problemau neu sefyllfaoedd cymhleth. Gallu canfod atebion i broblemau drwy ddadansoddiadau ac archwilio posibiliadau
  • Ymwybyddiaeth o ddiogelwch - Bod yn ymwybodol o'ch amgylchedd a hyder o ran cadw at reoliadau iechyd a diogelwch
  • Cyflwyniad - Gallu cyflwyno gwybodaeth ac esboniadau yn glir i gynulleidfa. Trwy gyfryngau ysgrifenedig neu ar lafar yn glir a hyderus.
  • Dadl - Gallu cyflwyno, trafod a chyfiawnhau barn neu lwybr gweithredu, naill ai gydag unigolyn neu mewn grwˆp ehangach
  • Hunanymwybyddiaeth & Ystyried - Bod yn ymwybodol o'ch cryfderau, gwendidau, nodau ac amcanion eich hun. Gallu adolygu ,cloriannu a myfyrio'n rheolaidd ar eich perfformiad eich hun ac eraill.

Sgiliau pwnc penodol

  • problem solving to develop solutions to understand the past
  • understanding the complexity of change over time; in specific contexts and chronologies
  • being sensitive to the differences, or the "otherness" of the past, and the difficulty to using it as a guide to present or future action
  • being sensitive to the role of perceptions of the past in contemporary cultures
  • producing logical and structured arguments supported by relevant evidence
  • planning, designing, executing and documenting a programme of research, working independently
  • marshalling and critically appraising other people's arguments, including listening and questioning
  • presenting effective oral presentations for different kinds of audiences, including academic and/or audiences with little knowledge of history
  • preparing effective written communications for different readerships
  • making effective and appropriate forms of visual presentation
  • making effective and appropriate use of relevant information technology
  • making critical and effective use of information retrieval skills using paper-based and electronic resources
  • critical evaluation of one's own and others' opinions


Goblygiadau o ran adnoddau ar gyfer myfyrwyr


Rhestr ddarllen

See list in handbook

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