Biochemistry of Exercise
Rhedir gan School of Human and Behavioural Sciences
10.000 Credyd neu 5.000 Credyd ECTS
Trefnydd: Dr Hans-Peter Kubis
Knowledge and understanding of biochemistry and metabolism are crucial for a career in sports nutrition, nutrition, sport performance physiology and analysis. In a world, where athletes train to win by margins in milliseconds, the body is challenged to its limits. Consequently, energy provision and the right strategy to prepare for competitions with supplementation and nutrition are extremely important. This course will introduce into Biochemistry and especially in metabolic pathways and their interaction in different organs/tissues with focus on exercise and training response.
Knowledge will be provided on how metabolism is regulated on the cellular and systemic levels. Students will learn how nutrition and exercise will impact metabolism acutely and chronically. Connection between metabolic processes and health and training outcomes will be addressed. This module is important for all students seeking improved insight in Physiology and Nutrition. Students who are aiming for a Nutrition-MSc are highly advised to select this module. Biochemistry might be compulsory for their future studies. Class time will be a combination of lectures and thorough discussion of research data from publications in seminars (online sessions and pre-screened lectures)
Lecture topics: 1) Introduction into principals of biochemistry and metabolism 2) Anaerobic Energy Systems 1 3) Anaerobic Energy Systems 2 4) Anaerobic Energy Systems 3 5) Aerobic Metabolism 1 6) Aerobic Metabolism 2 7) Aerobic Metabolism 3 8) Energy Storage Systems 9) Protein Metabolism 10) Fatigue Processes
Seminars: 1) Metabolic components and exercise 2) Metabolism and supplementation 3) Training and adaptation
For the essay assignment: In order to achieve D- to D+ (at least 42%), students should be able to present a basic report of the underlying theories and some current research related to the questions stated in the assignment information. They will be able to use basic understanding of whole body and skeletal muscle metabolism to demonstrate how findings entailing the critical power concept can be used to address basic metabolic demands at critical power. Wording and structure of essay is appropriate and current and recent literature is addressed convincingly. For the short-answer questions, 42% of the questions need to be correctly answered across the assignments.
For the essay assignment: In order to achieve C- to C+ (at least 52%), students should be able to present a good report of the main underlying theories and current research related to the critical power concept questions stated in the assignment information. They will be able to use good understanding of whole body and skeletal muscle metabolism to demonstrate how findings entailing the critical power concept can be used to explain main metabolic demands at critical power. Wording and structure of essay is good, there is substantial use of current and recent literature. For the short-answer questions, >54% of the questions across the assignments need to be correctly answered.
For the essay assignment: In order to achieve A- to A* (74+ %), students should be able to present an outstanding in-depth report of the underlying theories and current research related to the critical power concept questions stated in the assignment information. They will be able to use their deep understanding of whole body and skeletal muscle metabolism to demonstrate how findings entailing the critical power concept can be used to thoroughly explain metabolic and physiological demands at critical power. Wording and structure of essay is outstanding, there is an extensive, thorough but concise use of current and recent literature. For the short-answer questions assignments, >74% of the questions need to be correctly answered across the assignments.
Understand relevance of biochemistry for training and supplementation
Understand metabolism and its regulation.
Read and understand certain scientific papers.
Interpret biochemical data.
Short-answer exam questions will cover essential principles and key facts in metabolism and its regulation in context of exercise and nutritional impact in sport science applications.
The essay will focus on elaborating on supplementation strategies before and during exercise and its impact on metabolic regulation and performance in sport. Important links between applied strategies for nutrition, metabolic response and performance outcomes will be investigated to enable students to be confident and knowledgeable in applied sport intervention and support.
Strategaeth addysgu a dysgu
Lectures and sessions for discussion of background
read and revise lecture content using Panopto recording, scientific journals, and textbooks
Seminars in class - working in groups on scientific literature and guidance for training and supplementation
- Llythrennedd - Medrusrwydd mewn darllen ac ysgrifennu drwy amrywiaeth o gyfryngau
- Rhifedd - Medrusrwydd wrth ddefnyddio rhifau ar lefelau priodol o gywirdeb
- Defnyddio cyfrifiaduron - Medrusrwydd wrth ddefnyddio ystod o feddalwedd cyfrifiadurol
- Hunanreolaeth - Gallu gweithio mewn ffordd effeithlon, prydlon a threfnus. Gallu edrych ar ganlyniadau tasgau a digwyddiadau, a barnu lefelau o ansawdd a phwysigrwydd
- Archwilio - Gallu ymchwilio ac ystyried dewisiadau eraill
- Adalw gwybodaeth - Gallu mynd at wahanol ac amrywiol ffynonellau gwybodaeth
- Dadansoddi Beirniadol & Datrys Problem - Gallu dadelfennu a dadansoddi problemau neu sefyllfaoedd cymhleth. Gallu canfod atebion i broblemau drwy ddadansoddiadau ac archwilio posibiliadau
- Ymwybyddiaeth o ddiogelwch - Bod yn ymwybodol o'ch amgylchedd a hyder o ran cadw at reoliadau iechyd a diogelwch
- Gwaith Tîm - Gallu cydweithio'n adeiladol ag eraill ar dasg gyffredin, ac/neu fod yn rhan o dîm gweithio o ddydd i ddydd
- Rheloaeth - Gallu defnyddio, cydlynu a rheoli adnoddau (dynol, ffisegol ac/neu ariannol)
- Dadl - Gallu cyflwyno, trafod a chyfiawnhau barn neu lwybr gweithredu, naill ai gydag unigolyn neu mewn grwˆp ehangach
Sgiliau pwnc penodol
- research and assess paradigms, theories, principles, concepts and factual information, and apply such skills in explaining and solving problems
- critically assess and evaluate data and evidence in the context of research methodologies and data sources
- describe, synthesise, interpret, analyse and evaluate information and data relevant to a professional or vocational context
- plan, design, execute and communicate a sustained piece of independent intellectual work, which provides evidence of critical engagement with, and interpretation of, appropriate data
- demonstrate effective written and/or oral communication and presentation skills
- work effectively independently and with others
- take and demonstrate responsibility for their own learning and continuing personal and professional development
- self-appraise and reflect on practice
- plan and design practical activities using appropriate techniques and procedures whilst demonstrating high levels of relevant skills
- project manage and execute practical activities using appropriate techniques and procedures whilst demonstrating high levels of relevant skills
- demonstrate evidence of competence in the scientific methods of enquiry, and interpretation and analysis of relevant data and statistical outputs.
- develop transferable skills of relevance to careers outside of sport, health and exercise sciences.
- accurately interpret case study data
- demonstrate effective robust data collection methods
Goblygiadau o ran adnoddau ar gyfer myfyrwyr
Readings: Michael E. Houston. Biochemistry Primer for Exercise Science. Human Kinetics 3rd Edition 2006 and above. Mark Hargreaves, Lawrence Spriet. Exercise Metabolism. Human Kinetics 2nd Edition 2006 and above. General Textbooks in Biochemistry
Cyrsiau sy’n cynnwys y modiwl hwn
Opsiynol mewn cyrsiau:
- R2C6: BA German and Sports Science year 4 (BA/GSPS)
- CR6H: BA Italian/Sports Science year 4 (BA/ITSSC)
- CR61: BA Sports Science/French year 4 (BA/SPSFR)
- CR62: BA Sports Science/German year 4 (BA/SPSG)
- CR6K: BA Spanish/Sports Science year 4 (BA/SPSSC)
- C611: BSc Adventure Sport Science year 3 (BSC/ASS)
- C61N: BSc Adventure Sport Sci with Business Man (Subj to Validn) year 3 (BSC/ASSBM)
- C61P: BSc Adventure Sport Science with Placement Year year 4 (BSC/ASSP)
- C883: BSc Clinical Sports Science year 3 (BSC/CLSPS)
- C61F: BSc Sport & Exercise Science with Foundation Year year 3 (BSC/SESF)
- CB69: BSC Sport, Health & Exercise Sci. year 3 (BSC/SHES)
- C651: BSC Sport- Health & Physical Educ year 3 (BSC/SHPE)
- CB70: BSc Sport, Health & Exercise Science with International Exp year 4 (BSC/SHSIE)
- C600: BSC Sports Science year 3 (BSC/SPS)
- C603: BSc Sports Science - intercalated year 3 (BSC/SPSC)
- C60P: BSc Sport Science with Placement Year year 4 (BSC/SPSP)
- C6N1: BSc Sport Science & Business Management year 3 (BSC/SSB)
- C604: BSc Sports Science (with International Experience) year 4 (BSC/SSIE)
- C6N5: BSc Sport Science & Marketing year 3 (BSC/SSM)
- CN5P: Sport Science and Marketing with Placement Year year 4 (BSC/SSMP)
- C602: BSC Sport Science (ODA) year 3 (BSC/SSOA)
- C612: MSci Adventure Sport Science year 3 (MSCI/ASS)
- C608: MSci Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences year 3 (MSCI/SHS)
- C607: MSci Sport Science year 3 (MSCI/SS)
- C613: MSci Sport Science with International Experience year 4 (MSCI/SSIE)
- C609: MSci Sport Science (Outdoor Activities) year 3 (MSCI/SSOA)